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Nível Fluente › Are there any safe drivers?

PAST PERFECT X PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS

1) PAST PERFECT
Dialog: “I had just stopped at a traffic light when I looked in the rearview mirror…”

We use the past perfect to talk about something that had happened before a certain time in the past.  We commonly use the words just, already, and yet with this tense.
FORM: HAD + PAST PARTICIPLE

I’d just walked in the door when the phone rang.
By the time I arrived at the party Jason had already left.
Sarah wanted to borrow the book from me, but I hadn’t finished it yet.

 

2) PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS
Dialog: “I hadn’t been the only one listening to the traffic report.”

We use the past perfect continuous to talk about an activity that had been happening before a certain time in the past.  We commonly use how long, for, and since with this tense.
FORM: USE HAD + BEEN + VERB (-ING)

Jennifer had been waiting for half an hour before the bus arrived.
How long had you been looking for a job before you started working here?
I’d been sharing an apartment with my best friend since college, so I decided to get my own apartment.

Sobre esta aula

Traffic…It's dangerous, annoying and can drive us completely insane. But unless you live on a desert island, it's impossible to avoid it. Listen to this podcast and learn new words and expressions about this stressful part of life.

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