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Nível Avançado › St. David's Day

  • At the end of this lesson you’ll be able to:

    • Understand the different uses of "to do" and "to make"
    • Understand the different uses of the word "spin"
    • Understand a little more about the culture of Wales

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TO DO x TO MAKE
Dialog
:  "...Do you want me to make you some breakfast?"
"No, for Christ's sake! Just do me a favor and stop talking."

The two verbs to make and to do are often confused. Their meanings are similar, however there are some differences. Let's take a look at how we use both these verbs in general and in important expressions.

We use the verb to make to express an activity that generally results in the creation or construction of something physical, something that you can touch or feel.

  • My grandmother used to make the most delicious pumpkin pies. (we make food)
  • Could you make me a cup of tea, honey? (we make tea, coffee, drinks in general)
  • My son made me an ashtray out of clay at school. (we make handicrafts and other objects)

 

There are a number of standard, fixed expressions that use to make using verb + noun combinations.

  • All the plans I've made have come to nothing. (to make plans)
  • Suzy ran to make a phone call but she had no loose change. (to make a telephone call)
  • We've got some pretty important decisions to make before the end of the quarter. (to make a decision)
  • The teacher said that if we make any mistakes, we'll get a "D" for the semester. (to make a mistake)
  • The company made over $50 million last year. (to make money)

 

We use the verb to do to express daily activities or occupations. You may notice that these are activities that produce no physical objects.

  • I can't believe how much homework I have to do before dinner. (to do homework)
  • Of all the chores I deplore, there is nothing worse than doing the dishes! (to do the dishes)
  • I'm a mechanical engineer. What do you do? (to do a job as an occupation)

 

You can also use to do when referring to things in general when you do not exactly name a specific activity. This form is often used with the words "something", "nothing", "anything" and "everything".

  • There's nothing to do around here on a Friday night.
  • He'll do anything she says!
  • There's nothing I wouldn't do for you, you know that.

 

There are a number of fixed expressions that use to do. These are standard verb + noun combinations used in English.

  • My motto has always been to do your best. (to do one's best)
  • Could you do me a huge favor? (to do a favor)
  • If we're going to do business with them, we'll need specialized lawyers. (to do business)
  • I've sworn to do only good for my fellow man. (to do good)
  • It won't do you any harm to work out a little, you know. (to do harm)

Sobre esta aula

There is one thing this little country has no shortage of and that's Welshness! Each year on March 1, the Welsh around the world celebrate St. David's Day in honor of Wales' patron saint; you guessed it, St. David. Daffodils and leeks, traditional clothing, parades, singing and of course lots of beer! Join us as we celebrate, or in this case, rue, the day after St. David's Day.

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